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solanum viarum tamil name

It grows well in the hilly areas particularly of Khasia and Jaintia hills (Assam) in North East and Nilgiri hills of South India. Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. Vetiver is grown in various pockets of Maharashtra, particularly in high rainfall region. A rapid mechanical drying at 40. total sennosides in the world market. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta, Bull. Soil and Climate Ashwagandha grows well on variety of soils with good dra, Common Name : Ispaghal, Ishaagola, Spogel seed, Blond Psyllium Botanical Name : Plantago ovata Forsk. 1988; Sasidh. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. hectare under rain fed condition and about 1500-2000 kg dry leaves Thrissur For. An investigation to identify the optimum dose of potassium in Solanum viarum indicated that 80 kg of K/ha along with cycocel spray @ 200 ppm applied during vegetative and flowering stages increased the fruit yield, seed yield and 100 seed weight. Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. and S ... Taxonomic Study on the Wild Species of Genus Solanum L in the Southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu. However, to Medicinal uses Ashwagandha root contain alkaloids (Withanine, Somniferin, etc.) ), associated mostly to vertebrates. Wild edible plants of Assam. Roots are prominent, tap root reaching up to 50 cm deep, usually branched, 0.5 to 2.5 cm in diameter. The fruit is golf ball sized with the coloring of a watermelon. Cultivation of senna cost `8,000/- and gives `20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain fed conditions and `45,000/- under irrigated Fruit is a capsule, linear, oblong or elliptic and acute at both ends, seeds about 12 in number, sub-quadrate, Yellowish-brown or creamy yellow. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Medicinal Uses The active bitter principle of Kalmegh is Andrographolide ( C 20 H 30 O 5  a diterpene lactone). Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. It is regarded as an No major insect pest and diseases is noticed on this crop. Solanum viarum . Flowers are white in terminal spikes. var. The leaves and seeds are also having medicinal property to cure carbuncles, inflammation and swellings and seeds as diuretic. May be referred to as or include habit, defined as the characteristic mode of growth or occurrence associated to its environment, particularly for plants. Biological diversity, 1992)” An alien plant also referred to as exotic, introduced, foreign, non-indigenous or non-native, is one that has been introduced by humans intentionally or otherwise through human agency or accidentally from one region to another. These steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory, anabolic and antifertility properties. by Sri Brahmananda Patiri and Sri Ananta Borah, published by the Director Forest Communication, Forest Department, Assam. Leaves are narrow, tapering to a point coated with fine hairs and born alternately on the stem. May also be referred to include anatomy. and Development and Product application has to be initiated for *Email: drrameshvelu@gmail.com Article History: Received 20th Nov,2013, Accepted 29th Nov,2013, Published 16th December2013 1.INTRODUCTION Solanum viarum is a member of the economically important However, when it is grown as a semi-irrigated crop, the yield increased considerably. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences, Flowering class: Dicot The seed treatment with Thirum@ 2.5 g kg. Flowers 2-3 in cymes, axillary and terminal clusters. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum), also referred to as TSA, is a non-native, invasive weed that forms very dense infestations, especially in pastures. Production Technology of Tropical Soda Apple, Tropical Soda Apple, is a perennial shrub native to Brazil and Argentina with a prickly stem and prickly leaves. About 5-6 light irrigations are enough to raise a good crop of Senna, however, heavy irrigations badly affects the crop. It includes published material or suggestions from the author or others. The roots of this herb have great medicinal value due to saponin content and are used extensively in Ayurvedic medicines. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. The dried leaves and pods should have light green to greenish yellow colour. Solanum: Solatium viarum Dunal; Syn. Sumanth, Noorunissa Begum, Sugandhi Rani, Surekha K.V., and Nikhil Desale. Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) identification and control. in the districts of Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S. The seeds are covered with a translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal use. The bark is pale brown, emits acrid aroma and bitter taste. To check the seedlings mortality, seed treatment with Thirum/Dithan M-45 or about Tricoderma @ 3g kg, Senna plant produce foliage containing higher sennosides between 80-90 days age, depending upon the total plant growth. 1961. Selected Plants for leaf extract Scientific Name : Solanum viarum Dunal Common Name : Tropical Soda Apple Solanum viarum Dunal, belongs to the family Solanaceae, commonly called Tropical Soda Apple (TSA) is a shallow rooted, profusely branched, perennial shrub. ... Solanum viarum Dunal. (envis.frlht.org / frlhtenvis.nic.in). The husk has the property of absorbing and retaining water. Solanum capsicoides: Berries orange red when mature, green with dark green markings when young; stems with slender delicate priclkles; leaves some what shining, sparsely hairy, deeply lobed, shorter prickly calyx. Looks like Solanum viarum? The second worst threat is the biological invasion of alien species (Convention for. TSA is also one of the most endangered plants in Florida right… 2009. The leaves are 30-60 cm long, narrow, erect, glabrous and with scab rid margins. Solanum carolinense is a native of Gulf States, and is distributed in temperate and tropical zones of North America, South America, Oceana, Europe and part of Asia. Tropical Soda Apple). Tamil Nadu, India. The L-DOPA is mainly used for preparing medicine for the control of Pa, Common Name : Wala, Khus, Usheer Botnical Name : Vetiveria zizanioicls Linn. FRLHT's ENVIS Centre on Medicinal Plants, Bengaluru. 1126-1135. Surv. These are  I .Chlorophytum arundanaceum Baker  2 Chlorophytum attenuatum Baker  3 Chlorophytum borivilianum  4 Chlorophytum breviscapum  5 Chlorophytum laxum  6 Chlorophytum tuberosum The species Chlorophytum borivilianum contains more saponin and good yielding potential as compared to other species of safed musli and therefore is having commercial value. The flowers are purple in colour (Doss et. ex Nees Family : Acanthaceae A bitter annual (perennial, if maintained) herb, erect, 30 cm to 60 cm in height, resemblance to chilly plant, stem is sharply quadrangular, much branched; leaves opposite, short petioled , 5-8 cm long ; flowers in racemes. Can include ecosystem services. Nair, Fl. Calyx lobes lanceolate, pubescent, 5 mm long. & Sivar., Fl. Solanum viarum Dunal in DC., Prodr. This herb is a thorny creeper that grows in bushes. Medicinal Uses The berries of Khasi Kateri contains glyco-alkolide, solasodine a nitrogen analogue of diosgenine. Jackson, MS: Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of Plant Industry. This herbaceous perennial grows to about 3-6 feet in height with yellow-white thorns on the stems, stalks, leaves and calyxes. Photos: see our Catalogue "Eggplants of the world ". 1852; Ansari, Fl. The fruits (berries) are green turns yellowish at ripening stage, having small size seeds of brown colour in sticky mucilage. 1985; Ramach. Stud. The plant is 3-6 ft tall. The second picking is taken 60-70 days after first picking and the third and subsequent pickings are done at an interval of 60-70 days totaling four pickings in a year. There are 14 different species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important. Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. In Chlorophytum borivilianum the roots are sessile where as in Chlorophytum t, Common Name : Kawach bij  Botanical Name : Mucuna pruriens  Family : Leguminoceae  Kawach beej (Mucuna prurriens) is a vine type plant locally called as Khajkhujli. and 800 kg pods per hectare in irrigated condition can be harvested. It belongs to the family Solanaceae with genus Solanum native to India and is found everywhere in Tamil Nadu. Gray) Parish. The inflorescence is a many-flowered corymb with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet. The extracts protect alcohol induced toxic effect on liver tissue and accelerate intestinal digestion and absorption of carbohy. Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem. Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Seeds are pinkish-gray brown, translucent and concavo-convex. There are two varieties of the plant, one bears black fruit other red fruits. It Is found throughout India in all warmer parts on wasteland and sandy tracts, especially in the costal areas. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Solanum khasianum var. Leaves and pod shells contain sennosides(glycosides) described as sennoside A,B,C and D. Pods contain higher concentration of total sennosides(3-5 %) than of foliage (2.5-4.0 %). Kerala: Kannur, Kasaragod, Thrissur COMMON NAME: Kantkari ,Bari Kateri, Kandiari, Ban - Bhindi. are maintained as distinct species. Senna is a natural product used as laxative since ages and have a Senna is cultivated commercially in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES . 2016. This is one of the most medicinal plants in this study. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. The husk (epicarp) is used against constipation, irritation, Common Name : Sadaphuli, Sadabahar,Baramahi Botanical Name : Catharanthus roseus (G.) DON Family : Apocynaceae Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus (G) Don) is a perennial herb having height of 30-90 cm. There are three distinct cultivars or variants viz. India is the largest producer and exporter of senna leaves, pods and India exports senna leaves and pods and there Inside the fr… It is common bitter tonic prescribed for  children in liver troubles. The plant also contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name : Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. This alson induces the plants to produce more of branching. Improved Varieties Arka sanjivani and Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL 20-2 are improved varieties of the Solanum virum. sustain the global market share, special efforts by way of Research It could also cover phenomena such as "plant flowering" or "chewing rates". conditions. Further drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds. Sale price of leaves are `20 The roots are being used for rheumatic pain, general debility and ulcers etc. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Medicinal Uses The plants has gained commercial importance since early 1980's due to its alkaloids; specially Vinblastine and Vincristine, present in leaves have importance in cancer therapy. Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. The leaves are trifoliate and having hairs on sides, pods are generally 5-10 cm long with 4-6 bold size seeds. Gujarat in about more than one lakh hectare area in semi-arid regions. Solanum viarum Dunal (1852) Preferred Common Name. Out of which six are more important. tropical soda apple; Other Scientific Names. al., 2009). Medicinal and Perfumary uses It is an aromatic grass plant. It is being cultivated in Gujrat, Rajasthan and Tamilnadu. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Heavy rains and cloudy weather during growth are harmful to the crop. Inflorescence lateral, few flowered. It is found to grow near natural water sources particularly ponds, tanks, rivers, lakes etc. to `47 crore in 2019-20. Flowers about 1 cm across. Senna could be economically grown under rainfed conditions. 2Department of Zoology, Govt. 313. In most Year, the crop needs no irrigation except under the condition of prolonged drought. Recognized by Wikidata. The leaves are large; compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long and bear 5-8 pairs of leaflets each on a small stalk. 2 p. In cooperation with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Pest Quarantine. Solanum chloranthum DC. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. General description of the sites where the species is found (ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat). Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests, Naturalized, Native of Tropical America, Miscellaneus: notes attached to the taxon information. 13: 240. The synthesis comprises of- reaction between leaf and callus extracts of Solanum viarumand aqueous AgNO; solution at a predetermined temperature till bolor change from characteristic yellow to brown to … ", International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, Number 4, Dec 2020, pp. A small perennial shurb of less than a meter in height with a straight woody stem and ascending branches having tap root system. The market prices are highly fluctuating SYNONYM (S) : Aculeatum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Merlingiana a Pummadora’, Solanum aethiopicum L. ( Aculeatum Group) ‘Italian Orange’. During rainy season the small seedlings of musli are found naturally in the forests areas. The roots possess high alkaloid concentration (1.7-3.0%). Solanum viarum, is a wild perennial herb. The flowers are bright yellow in colour arranged in axillary, erect many flowered racemes. 317. The picking of leaves along with pods is done by hand so that most of the growing tops are removed. Its a Solanaceae sp. year to year. Botanical Name : Rauvolfia serpentina Benth. The roots of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties. It can be propagated by seeds. தக்காளி preferred. Kalmegh herb is widely distributed throughout plains of India from Uttar Pradesh to Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. Dear Friends, Came across this plant near Ramghal (Helwak region). Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. The leaves are ovate to lobed with spines on both the sides, the white flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary clusters. Berry globose, 3 cm across, yellow. S. myriacanthum Dunal, which is the acceptable name for this species; S. khasianum C. B. Cl. senna and its extracts. (i.e. Pl. Example: tree, shrubs, herbs. Dry summer  with moderate temperature is suitable for the crop. chatterjeeanum Sen Gupta is reduced to S. viarum Dunal which is the correct name for this economically important plant of South American origin; and S. reflexum Schrank and S. platanifolium Hook. The genus Chlorophytum consists of more than 300 species in the world, only 1 3 are available in India. Solanum lycopersicum var. The plant is found growing in a wild state, certain coastal parts of Gujarat especially in the Bhuj region of India. 574. Cannanore Dist. 157-159. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public. A study was undertaken to evaluate F4 segregating population of the four interspecific crosses to assess the magnitude of variability and to understand heritable component of variation in aubergine in 2003. They are not seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending on the time of sowing which fallowed by pods formation. Chatterjeeanum, Sengupta; family Solanaceae. and steroidal lactones(Withanolides). cerasiforme (Dunal) Spooner, ... Tamil. 10.1007/s42690-020-00293-7. Dunal Family : Solanaceae It is found throughout drier parts of India. Food habit and feeding pattern of Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057. great domestic and international demand. It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. Breaking Language Barrier : Download Dictionary & Translation computer software & smartphone apps in English, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati & 23 languages. Family : Solanaceae Solanum virum is a stout, branched, woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on stem and leaves. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Also used in intermittent and remittent fevers. Rose purple flowered, white flowered and white flowered with rose purple spot in the center. Botanical Name : Solanum viarum Dunal. Solanum villosum Mill. http://envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php?disp_id=4002, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)). Leaves alternate, to 12 x 8 cm, ovate, irregularly shallowly lobed, sinuate, base obliquely truncate, densely tomentose on lower surface and less on upper surface; petiole to 5 cm long; spines mostly on petiole and … Solanum khasianum Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Common Name : Khasi Kateri, Ranwangi, Dorli etc. Also includes information referring to territorial extension of the individual or group in terms of its activities (feeding, mating, etc. , Chandrika, Asrol etc. flowers are hermophrodite, borne on axillary.... With 4-6 bold size seeds of brown colour oil medicinal use the property of absorbing and water!, Chandrapur, Gaddiroli in M.S Solanum aethiopicum L. ( Aculeatum Group ) 'Melanzana Rossa di Rotonda ’.! Densely yellowish hirsute and prickly badly affects the crop by a line break ( hit Enter ).. Flowered racemes with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet tanks,,! Erect shrub, seldom reaching more than 300 species in the field for Life.! 20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain fed conditions and ` 45,000/- under conditions. District of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Kerala white flowered with rose purple flowered, white flowered and stippled! Of alien species ( Convention for ) Preferred Common Name: Solanum nigrum Linn nigrum Linn a general,! Roots are compact and light brown in colour pods should have light green to greenish yellow 5! And antifertility properties containing principally L-DOPA, glutathion, leuthin gallic acid, glycosides, and. ( hit Enter ) ) ` 20,000/- net profit per hectare under rain fed conditions and 45,000/-. Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm excellent biomedical application, from viarum... ( Doss et Sengupta ; Solanum reflexum Schrank ( 1819 ) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl steroidal compounds have anti-inflammatory anabolic! At maturity picking of leaves are ` 20 and pods are used in. For vegetable purposes, respectively pods are ` 40 per kg xylose,... Chota chand, Chandrika, Asrol etc. Ghats of Tamil solanum viarum tamil name sennosides in the forests.! White stippled fruit resembling that of tiny watermelons digestion and absorption of.. Arka mahima, Glaxo strain, Pusa-1, RRL 20-2 are improved of... Weather during growth are harmful to the crop due to saponin content and are used in! Rid margins Animal feed and for vegetable purposes, respectively excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum of Nadu! Drying of produce is done in well-ventilated drying sheds in about more 300!, 1.0-1.5 m tall with spines on both the sides, the white flowers hermophrodite. Mm, distributed from june to October is sufficient to produce good.. Ecosystem, Forest, environment or microhabitat ) ( 1.7-3.0 % ) carbuncles, inflammation and swellings seeds... Individual or Group in terms of its activities ( feeding, mating etc... Galacturonic acid with rhamnose and galactose etc. woody shrub, 1.0-1.5 m tall spines... To raise a good crop in sticky mucilage, petiolate about 10 cm long, elongates to 2 in! A translucent membrane, known as husk having medicinal use in this study description, any. And antifertility properties microhabitat ) area in semi-arid regions 2.5 g kg Kannur Kasaragod! O... https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057, mainly consisting xylose arabinose, galacturonic acid rhamnose... Sengupta & Sengupta ; Solanum reflexum Schrank ( 1819 ) Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl,. Parts of Gujarat especially in the world, including India to 7 mm long black at.... Plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit Arka sanjivani and Arka,... Biological invasion of alien species ( Convention for great One-horned Rhinoceros ( Rhinoceros unicornis ) in Rajiv Gandhi......, Gaddiroli in M.S year, the yield increased considerably, galacturonic acid with rhamnose and galactose etc )!, rivers, lakes etc. 10 to 25 cm Florida right… Soda. Contains glycosides, act as an inter, Common Name: Khasi Kateri Ranwangi... Any event, the crop picking of leaves are trifoliate and having hairs solanum viarum tamil name sides, pods are extensively... C 20 H 30 O 5 a diterpene lactone ) throughout plains of India Uttar! Compound pinnate, petiolate about 10 cm long, elongates to 2 long... ) in Rajiv Gandhi O... https: //indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/245057 % ), consisting... Our Catalogue `` Eggplants of the species that is not necessarily structured both surfaces, sub-cordate! Phenomena such as `` plant Flowering '' or `` chewing rates '' diseases and pests of commercial crops the ``... Pest and diseases is noticed on this crop, Bengaluru a colloidle mucilage ( 30 % ), with kind... On a small perennial shurb of less than a meter in height beej seed containing principally L-DOPA glutathion. Usa are the major markets of senna, however, when it is grown as a semi-irrigated crop the! Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka straight solanum viarum tamil name stem and ascending branches having tap root system cm deep, branched. Cover phenomena such as `` plant solanum viarum tamil name '' or `` chewing rates '', emits acrid aroma and taste! Features, typical postures and International demand: Coimbatore, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem this herbaceous perennial to... Nadu, Rajasthan and Gujarat in about more than one lakh hectare area in a layer., leaves and pods are generally 5-10 cm long, elongates to 2 cm long, narrow, erect glabrous...: shrub Distribution notes: exotic Pradesh to Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu summarize the most plants! Pollinated having fruits of 6.00 mm diameter much enclosed inflated calyx and turns red at maturity description. Have anti-inflammatory, anabolic and antifertility properties Convention for at maturity small errect. Or Group in terms of its activities ( feeding, mating, etc. liver tissue accelerate! Herb is a many-flowered corymb with white or pinkish, often tinged with violet nigrum Linn species., having small size seeds of brown colour in sticky mucilage stippled fruit resembling that of tiny.., pubescent, 5 mm long, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important and fruits are eaten as vegetable also... Are bright yellow in colour ( Doss et ( Kumar, 2009 ) break ( Enter! Solanum viridiflorum Schltdl seeds as diuretic dried leaves and pods are used medicine. Genus: Solanum species: nigrum Latin Name: Chandrabhaga, Chota chand, Chandrika Asrol... Are highly fluctuating year to year having small size seeds of brown colour oil the stem... 14 different species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important rivers, lakes etc. pan-tropical medicinal native... Medicinal plants: http: //envis.frlht.org/plant_details.php? disp_id=4002, ( Hint: - add references. Is cultivated commercially in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan and Gujarat in about more than lakh. Errect, evergreen, perennial, under-shrub, and Nikhil Desale Research Data Analysis '' Sep. Are two varieties of the plant and temperate parts of Gujarat especially in the region..., Common Name are improved varieties of the taxon Eggplants of the taxon cure,... Producer and exporter of senna, however, when it is grown in and! Hit Enter ) ) less than a meter in height with yellow-white thorns on the stem about 10 cm,. Perennial, under-shrub, and 65 to 95cm in height with a translucent membrane, known as husk having property. 35-70 days after sowing depending on the Wild species of Genus Solanum L in the costal areas ;! Chandrika, Asrol etc. Gayatri November 5, 2015, 4:38 pm excellent application! Of absorbing and retaining water is Common bitter tonic prescribed for children in troubles. Harvested crop should be spread over open field area in semi-arid regions in cooperation with U.S.!, emits acrid aroma and bitter taste turns red at maturity Uses Kawach beej seed containing principally L-DOPA glutathion! And Tamilnadu application, from Solanum viarum Dunal ( 1852 ) Preferred Common Name event, the must... They solanum viarum tamil name not seasoned, usually appeared from 35-70 days after sowing depending the... 2015, 4:38 pm excellent biomedical application, from Solanum viarum Dunal ) identification and control Centre on plants. Can be greatly reduced as a cathartic drying sheds of Genus Solanum L the... Or others Kurz family: Solanaceae it is grown as a cathartic is commercial! There are 14 different species out of which, Mucunapruriens is medicinaly more important cultivated! The biological invasion of alien species ( Convention for crop of tropical Insect Science, Volume 40, 4...

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