Lalawigan ang Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Rinuso: Автономная Республика Крым, Pinulongang Ukranyano: Автономна Республіка Крим, АР Крим) sa Okraniya. Livestock production includes cattle breeding, poultry keeping, and sheep breeding. , Since 2014 the Russian government has invested heavily in the peninsula's infrastructure—repairing roads, modernizing hospitals and building the Crimean Bridge that links the peninsula to the Russian mainland. , In the 1990s, Crimea became more of a get-away destination than a "health-improvement" destination. When resistance was crushed, many of the anti-Communist fighters and civilians escaped by ship to Istanbul. HRMMU has not been provided access to Crimea by Russian Federation authorities since its former Head of Mission accompanied the former Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights, Ivan Šimonović, on 21-22 … , The most important industries in Crimea include food production, chemical fields, mechanical engineering, and metalworking, and fuel production industries. Find the travel option that best suits you. , Within days of the signing of the accession treaty, the process of integrating Crimea into the Russian federation began: in March the Russian ruble went into official circulation and clocks were moved forward to Moscow time, in April a new revision of the Russian Constitution was officially released with the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol included in the list of federal subjects of the Russian Federation, and in June the Russian ruble became the only form of legal tender. Odessa stands where the coast turns southwest. Also many solar photovoltaic SES plants lie along the peninsula (north of Sevastopol too, a smaller facility). Nahimutang ni sa habagatang bahin sa nasod, 700 km sa habagatan sa Kiev ang ulohan sa nasod. Here, the narrow strip of coast and the slopes of the mountains are smothered with greenery. and ref? A number of dams have created reservoirs, among the largest are the Simferopolskoye, Alminskoye, the Taygansky and the Belogorsky just south of Bilohirsk in Bilohirsk Raion. In 2014 Russia covertly invaded and illegally annexed Crimea, a move that was denounced by … The peninsula is connected on the northwest to the mainland by the Perekop Isthmus, a 5-mile- (8-km-) wide strip of land that has been the site of numerous battles for the control of Crimea. The Crimean Tatars were forcibly expelled to Central Asia by Joseph Stalin's government as a form of collective punishment, on the grounds that they had formed pro-German Tatar Legions. He also created battle paintings during the Crimean War. " Within days, unmarked forces with local militias took over the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, as well as occupying several localities in Kherson Oblast on the Arabat Spit, which is geographically a part of Crimea. South: In the south, between the Crimean Mountains and the sea runs a narrow coastal strip which was held by the Genoese and (after 1475) by the Turks. On 19 February 1954, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued a decree on the transfer of the Crimean region of the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR. The classical name was used in 1802 in the name of the Russian Taurida Governorate. Radar. Further east is Sudak/Sougdia/Soldaia with its Genoese fort. Crisis in the Borderlands", 2015) – about the very legitimacy of the 1954 transition of Crimea to Ukraine; in the critics' view the transition contradicted even the Soviet law.  For every 100 m (330 ft) increase in altitude, temperatures decrease by 0.65 °C (1.17 °F) while precipitation increases.  Other products produced on the Crimean Peninsula include salt, porphyry, limestone, and ironstone (found around Kerch) since ancient times. Autonomous Republic Crimea as well.” So here they are, the facts: 1) A Russian naval presence in Crimea dates to 1783 when the port city of Sevastopol was founded by Russian Prince Grigory Potemkin. The terrain that lies south of the sheltering Crimean Mountain range is of an altogether different character. Crimea and adjacent territories were united in the Crimean Khanate during the 15th to 18th century. Area 10,400 square miles (27,000 square km). In February 2014, following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution that ousted the Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovych, Russia annexed Crimea after a military intervention by pro-Russian separatists and Russian Armed Forces. The politics of Crimea is that of the Republic of Crimea on one hand, and that of the federal city of Sevastopol on the other. , As of 2014[update], the total population of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol was 2,248,400 people (Republic of Crimea: 1,889,485, Sevastopol: 395,000).  Winds from the northwest bring warm and wet air from the Atlantic Ocean, causing precipitation during spring and summer. In 2014 Russia covertly invaded and illegally annexed Crimea, a move that was denounced by the international community.  During the period of the Crimean Khanate the many pre-Catherine peoples, including Crimean Greeks, Italians, Goths, Cumans, and Kipchkaks of Crimea merged into the Crimean Tatar nation's Tat, Yaliboylu, and Steppe (or Nogay) subgroups. Behind it is the Syvash or "Putrid Sea", a system of lakes and marshes which in the far north extend west to the Perekop Isthmus. Many exotic plants have been introduced, such as cypress, oleander, almond, and myrtle, together with palms and other subtropical flora. , The Black Sea ports of Crimea provide quick access to the Eastern Mediterranean, Balkans and Middle East. Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. Sea of Azov: There is little on the south shore. The eastern tip of the Crimean peninsula comprises the Kerch Peninsula, separated from Taman Peninsula on the Russian mainland by the Kerch Strait, which connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov, at a width of between 3–13 kilometres (1.9–8.1 mi). Rome2rio makes travelling from Izhevsk to Autonomous Republic of Crimea easy. Synonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea in Free Thesaurus.  The northern parts of Crimea have a moderate continental climate with short, mild winters and moderately hot dry summers. Crimea, Ukrainian Krym, also spelled Krim, autonomous republic, southern Ukraine. ", "Crimea Annexation 'Robbery on International Scale, "Черное море признано одним из самых неблагоприятных мест для моряков", "Валовой региональный продукт::Мордовиястат", "Tourist Season A Washout in Annexed Crimea", "Справочная информация о количестве туристов, посетивших Республику Крым за 2014 год", "Справочная информация о количестве туристов, посетивших республику крым за 2016 год", "Autonomous Republic of Crimea – Information card", "Russia to cover Crimea's $1.5 billion budget deficit with state funds- TV", "Ukraine's Black Sea gas ambitions seen at risk over Crimea", "East European Gas Analysis – Ukrainian Gas Pipelines", "Investment portal of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea – investments in Crimea – "Chernomorneftegaz" presented a program of development till 2015", "Crimea goes dark after Russian shutdown leaves the peninsula without power", "Putin orders military exercise as protesters clash in Crimea", "Дитрих анонсировал запуск грузовых составов по Крымскому мосту с 1 июля 2020г", "The longest trolleybus line in the world! This "riviera" stretches along the southeast coast from capes Fiolente and Aya, in the south, to Feodosia. History of construction, "Geographical Survey of the Crimean region", "Climate in Crimea, Weather in Yalta: How Often Does it Rain in Crimea? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The status of Crimea is disputed. It has a diversified economy of light industry and services, and it is a major regional transportation hub. With them, control of the peninsula changed in 1238, as all but the Perateia of Crimea was incorporated into the territory of the Golden Horde throughout the 14th century CE.  At 49.1%, turnout was slightly ahead of that for Russia as a whole which was only 47.8%. Under Russian rule it became a kind of riviera. New sources of water are trying to be developed, with huge difficulties, to replace closed Ukrainian sources. Many did not survive. Tatar deportation. Across the Black Sea to its west is Romania, and to its south, Turkey. Esteban Rivera, 13 June 2018  In 2013, however, the Crimean Tatar language was estimated to be on the brink of extinction, being taught in Crimea only in around 15 schools at that point.  The number of tourist arrivals reached a record in 2012 at 6.1 million. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. As UNIAN reported earlier, the UNGA for the first time supported the draft resolution "Problem of the militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov" on December 18, 2018. Remarks at the Co-hosted Discussion “FIVE YEARS AFTER: Human Rights Situation in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol (Ukraine)” As delivered by Acting Deputy Chief of Mission Gregory Macris Vienna, February 26, 2019. The Crimean Tatar name of the peninsula is Qırım (Crimean Tatar: Къырым, romanized: Kirim/Qırım) and so also for the city of Krym which is now called Staryi Krym which served as a capital of the Crimean province of the Golden Horde. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Boats and cruise ships are docked in the harbor at Yalta in southern Ukraine. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea came third or fourth among the country's 27 regions for these indicators. In the 8th century BCE, the Cimmerians migrated to the area in retreat from Scythian advances, of whom the latter also migrated to the region. Ethnic composition of Crimea's population has changed dramatically since the early 20th century. Alexander Pushkin visited Bakhchysarai in 1820 and later wrote the poem The Fountain of Bakhchisaray. Suggestions argued in various sources include: Other suggestions either unsupported or contradicted by sources, apparently based on similarity in sound, include: The spelling "Crimea" is the Italian form, i.e., la Crimea, since at least the 17th century and the "Crimean peninsula" becomes current during the 18th century, gradually replacing the classical name of Tauric Peninsula in the course of the 19th century.  This is down from the 2001 Ukrainian Census figure, which was 2,376,000 (Autonomous Republic of Crimea: 2,033,700, Sevastopol: 342,451). The 1897 Russian Empire Census for the Taurida Governorate reported: 196,854 (13.06%) Crimean Tatars, 404,463 (27.94%) Russians and 611,121 (42.21%) Ukrainians. Crimea is located between the temperate and subtropical climate belts and is characterized by warm and sunny weather. 13% Since last week. Crimea is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and west of the Russian region of Kuban, from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch though linked by the Crimean Bridge since 2018. , The nearby Dnieper River is a major waterway and transportation route that crosses the European continent from north to south and ultimately links the Black Sea with the Baltic Sea, of strategic importance since the historical trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks. During its heyday, 27,000 children a year vacationed at Artek. Elite Http proxy from Ukraine, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Simferopol, UA8113611, org Swift Trace ltd., isp Swift Trace ltd., zip 10421, asn At the mouth of the Bug stood Olvia. In addition, vineyards and fruit orchards are located in the region. The report covers the period from 22 February 2014 to 12 September 2017. of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea according to the data of the All-Ukrainian census of the population, accounted for 2033,7 thousand persons.. The area remained the site of overlapping interests and contact between the early medieval Slavic, Turkic and Greek spheres. Tourists visiting the seafront of Yalta, Ukraine, on the southern coast of the Crimea. II, v 9.5) refer variously to the Strait of Kerch as the Κιμμερικὸς Βόσπορος (Kimmerikos Bosporos, romanized spelling, Bosporus Cimmerius), its easternmost part as the Κιμμέριον Ἄκρον (Kimmerion Akron, Roman name: Promontorium Cimmerium, as well as to the city of Cimmerium and whence the name of the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus (Κιμμερικοῦ Βοσπόρου). A new phase of tourist development began when the Soviet government realised the potential of the healing quality of the local air, lakes and therapeutic muds. The Alma River flows west to reach the Black Sea between Eupatoria and Sevastopol. Autonomous Republic of Crimea.  As a result, the climate favors recreation and tourism. Following the capture of Sevastopol on 4 July 1942, Crimea was occupied until German and Romanian forces were expelled in an offensive by Soviet forces ending in May 1944. In 1954, it was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR from the Russian SFSR.. Antonyms for Autonomous Republic of Crimea. It was founded in 1959. The cheapest way to get from Pionersky to Autonomous Republic of Crimea costs only 2 614 ₴, and the quickest way takes just 7¾ hours. Crimea (or Tauric Peninsula, as it was called from antiquity until the early modern period) has historically been at the boundary between the classical world and the Pontic–Caspian steppe. [a] With a length of 19 km, it is the longest bridge in Europe, as it overcame Vasco da Gama Bridge in Lisbon. Crimean Peninsula (Unsplash).jpg 4.272 × 2.848; 3,41 MB Define Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Annual Weather Averages in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. “Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)” for a dedicated thematic report of OHCHR on the “situation of human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol”.  The Crimean coast is shielded from cold air masses coming from the north and, as a result, has milder winters. The Tatars were accused of collaboration by Stalin and deported en masse to Central Asia and Siberia in 1944. Territory (thousand … The last election of the Verkhovna Rada of Crimea took place on 31 October 2010 and was won by the Party of Regions.  This was part of the 800,000 Germans in Russia who were relocated within the Soviet Union during Stalinist times. These are some of the main attractions of Crimea as a tourist destination. Updates? Many translated example sentences containing "autonomous Republic of Crimea" – Chinese-English dictionary and search engine for Chinese translations. 1,965,177. Autonomous Republic of Crimea is a rather small country, so you really can travel it all around at once if you are not a lazybone. Numerous Crimean Tatar villages, mosques, monasteries, and palaces of the Russian imperial family and nobles are found here, as well as picturesque ancient Greek and medieval castles. Annual Weather Averages in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The port city of Sevastopol serves as the headquarters of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. pop. It is Autonomous Republic of Crimea. Adunay 1,958,114 ka molupyo. In the 9th century CE, Byzantium established the Theme of Cherson to defend against incursions by the Rus' Khaganate. The Crimean Mountains and the southern coast are part of the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion. ARC - Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Persian Achaemenid Empire, under Darius I, expanded to Crimea as part of his campaigns against the Scythians in 513 BCE. Lalawigan ang Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Rinuso: Автономная Республика Крым, Pinulongang Ukranyano: Автономна Республіка Крим, АР Крим) sa Okraniya. Crimea contains the longest (96 km or 59 mi) trolleybus route in the world, stretching from Simferopol to Yalta. Ukraine’s government in Kiev is only a few days old and seems to bein disarray. Towns on the northern steppe area are all modern, notably Dzhankoi, a major road- and rail-junction. The Crimean Khanate, a vassal state of the Ottoman Empire, succeeded the Golden Horde and lasted from 1449 to 1783. Heavier industry is concentrated in the city of Kerch, traditionally a centre of large-scale iron ore mining. General Assembly (73rd sess. The Crimean Tatars' attempts to create an independent state in 1917 were thwarted by the Bolsheviks, and in October 1921 the Soviet leaders created the Crimean Autonomous Republic.  Because of its climate and subsidized travel-packages from Russian state-run companies, the southern Crimean coast has remained a popular resort for Russian tourists. The highest proportion Russians in Autonomous Republic of Crimea - 1180.4 thousand persons, or 58.5% of total population.  The Mir payment system operated by the Central Bank of Russia operates in Crimea as well as Master Card and Visa. But the earliest recorded use of the toponym "Crimea"[clarification needed] for the peninsula occurred between 1315–1329 AD by the Arab writer Abū al-Fidā where he recounts a political fight in 1300–1301 AD resulting in a rival's decapitation and having "sent his head to the Crimea".. The classical name Tauris or Taurica is from the Greek Ταυρική (Taurikḗ), after the peninsula's Scytho-Cimmerian inhabitants, the Tauri. . The Tatars were accused of collaboration by Stalin and deported en masse to Central Asia and Siberia in 1944. , Crimea also possesses several natural gas fields both onshore and offshore, which were starting to be drilled by western oil and gas companies before annexation. Tourists came from all around the Soviet Union and neighbouring countries, particularly from the German Democratic Republic. The development of Crimea as a holiday destination began in the second half of the 19th century.  The inland fields are located in Chornomorske and Dzhankoi, while offshore fields are located in the western coast in the Black Sea and in the northeastern coast in the Azov Sea:. UEFA ruled that Crimean clubs could not join the Russian leagues but should instead be part of a Crimean league system. Most towns are engaged in processing farm produce, especially wine making. Today. Journey by a mountainous part of Crimea", "The Crimean hypersaline lakes: towards development of scientific basis of integrated sustainable management", "In Crimea has receded one of the largest reservoirs", North Crimean Canal. and Ukr. , In 2016 Crimea had Nominal GDP of US$7 billion and US$3,000 per capita.. Covering an area of 27,000 km2 (10,425 sq mi), Crimea is located on the northern coast of the Black Sea and on the western coast of the Sea of Azov; the only land border is shared with Ukraine's Kherson Oblast on the north. The flow of holidaymakers dropped 35 percent in the first half of 2014 over the same period of 2013. Bakhchisarai (1532–1783).  The UN General Assembly approved a resolution declaring the vote illegal and invalid. , Most of the peninsula receives more than 2,000 sunshine hours per year; it reaches up to 2,505 sunshine hours in Karabi–Yayla in the Crimean mountains. The Autonomous Republic of Crimea had 25 administrative areas: 14 raions and 11 mis'kradas and mistos (city municipalities), officially known as territories governed by city councils. Further southwest is Tyras/Akkerman/Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi. On 18 March 2014, Russia annexed the Autonomous Republic of Crimea of Ukraine after an … Baltic Surveys Ltd. / The Gallup Organization. After the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the flight of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych from Kyiv on 21 February 2014, Russian President, Vladimir Putin stated to colleagues that "we must start working on returning Crimea to Russia. Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly UN.  Lake Syvash (Sıvaş or Сива́ш) is a system of interconnected shallow lagoons on the north-eastern coast, covering an area of around 2,560 km2 (988 sq mi). Given autonomous republic status within Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, Crimea was occupied by the Nazis in the early 1940s. The establishment decree divided the oblast into 7 uyezds. During the period between the last population censuses 1989 the number Russians has decreased by 11.6%. There are many Crimean legends about famous touristic places, which attract the attention of tourists. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The climate is dry and continental, and additional water supplies are brought by canal from the Dnieper River at Kakhivka (Kakhovka). The document was supported by 66 countries, 19 voted against, and 72 abstained.  The road bridge opened in May 2018, and the rail bridge opened in December 2019.  At that time no vote or referendum took place, and Crimean population had no say in the transfer (also typical of other Soviet border changes). Some sources hold that the name of the capital was extended to the entire peninsula at some point during Ottoman suzerainty. In the cities of Yevpatoria and nearby townlet Molochnoye are tram systems.  Ukraine extended Russia's lease of the naval facilities under the 2010 Kharkiv Pact in exchange for further discounted natural gas. From 1853 to 1856, the peninsula was the site of the principal engagements of the Crimean War, a conflict fought between the Russian Empire and an alliance of France, Britain, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia.. During the Second World War the peninsula was invaded by Nazi Germany and Romanian troops in summer 1941 across the Isthmus of Perekop. GfK Ukraine. The peninsula is bounded on the S and W by the Black Sea.  It was the first official census in Crimea since a Ukrainian-held census in 2001. Simferopol/Ak-Mechet, the modern capital. , According to the International Transport Workers' Federation, as of 2013[update] there were at least 12 operating merchant seaports in Crimea. The peninsula, then under the control of the Bosporan Kingdom, later became a client kingdom of the Roman Empire in 63 BCE. Autonomous Republic of Crimea may sa mosunod nga mga subdibisyon: There are 11 big cities and 44 small towns in Autonomous Republic of Crimea. General Assembly (73rd sess. 6 words related to Crimea: Crimean War, Ukraine, Ukrayina, Sebastopol, Sevastopol, Yalta. Adunay 1,958,114 ka molupyo. , In 2017 the Russian government also began modernising the Simferopol International Airport, which opened its new terminal in April 2018. Find all the transport options for your trip from Russia to Autonomous Republic of Crimea right here. Territory is 26.100 sq.  In the mountains, the mean annual temperature is around 5.7 °C (42.3 °F). 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